An investigation of mechanisms underlying the mental practice effect

Cover of: An investigation of mechanisms underlying the mental practice effect |

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Written in English

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  • Perceptual-motor learning.,
  • Imagery (Psychology),
  • Short-term memory.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Gwen M. Costa.
The Physical Object
Paginationxiii, 99 leaves
Number of Pages99
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16892110M

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Get this from a library. An investigation of mechanisms underlying the mental practice effect. [Gwen M Costa]. Researchers have suggested a variety of possible explanations for the underlying mechanisms of mental practice.

Two early theories offer two distinct perspectives, one focusing on more peripheral processes (i.e., psychoneuromuscular theory), and one focusing on more central mechanisms (i.e., symbolic learning theory).Cited by: A Multilevel Investigation of the Motivational Mechanisms Underlying Knowledge Sharing and Performance.

Narda R. Quigley, Paul E. Tesluk, Results demonstrated that the effect of group-oriented incentive systems on the knowledge provider was enhanced when more positive norms for knowledge sharing existed among dyad members.

The recipient’s Cited by: A recent review on mental practice by Feltz and Landers () employed a 'meta-analysis' technique to analyse the statistical trends in 60 studies of mental practice. They compared the 'effect. Don't ruin an entire investigation with a poor report.

This cheat sheet covers the basics of writing investigation reports that are formatted properly, easy to understand and error-free. The aims of the present review were to (i) provide a critical overview of the current literature on the effects of mental imagery on muscular strength in healthy participants and patients with immobilization of the upper extremity (i.e., hand) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), (ii) identify potential moderators and mediators of the “mental imagery-strength Cited by: The book compiles 52 papers on the placebo effect divided in four sections.

Eight articles feature in the first one, on the concept and significance of the placebo effect. 30 more are classified under four headings in the second section, experimental studies of the placebo effect: the headings are pioneering efforts, psychological mechanisms.

Now in its Seventh Edition, this psychiatric and mental health nursing text covers both care of patients with psychiatric disorders and the psychosocial aspects of physiological disorders. Geared toward LPN/LVN students, the book's format reflects the nursing model and the shift of psychiatric nursing care from hospitals to community-based settings.4/5(1).

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.

Investigation of a Complex Space-Time Metric to Describe Precognition of the Future Elizabeth A. Rauscher and Russell Targ Tecnic Research Laboratory, S.

Tomahawk Rd., Bldg. Apache Junction, AZ [email protected], [email protected] Abstract. For more than years scientists have attempted to determine the truth or falsity of. A set of statements about mechanisms underlying a particular behavior.

Theories help organize and unify different observations of the behavior and its relationship with other variables. A good theory generates predictions about the behavior. Novel underlying mechanism involved in PTSD and other anxiety disorders described This study shows how stress blocks the release of an anti-anxiety neuropeptide in the brain, it could pave the way.

the underlying mechanisms for how these constructs affect adolescent psychopathology and subsequent psychological adaptation have still to be examined. Objectives A quantitative cross sectional design was utilised to investigate the following research questions; 1) Is attachment and reflective function directly and indirectly associated with.

A number of gene-environment interactions (G × E) underlying mental disorders have been reported, although not all G × E have been reproducible, which might be due to the influence of epistatic effects, additional mitigating environmental factors and/or epigenetic mechanisms (Schiele et al., ).Cited by: 1.

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning.

Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific : Genetic and environmental factors.

Furthermore, I will discuss the advantages of using forward and reverse genetic techniques with zebrafish to dissect the mechanisms underlying alcohol’s effect on the central nervous system. Select Chapter 21 - Behavioral genetics of embryonic ethanol exposure in. Despite a longstanding and widespread influence of the diagnostic approach to mental ill health, there is an emerging and growing consensus that such psychiatric nosologies may no longer be fit for purpose in research and clinical practice.

In their place, there is gathering support for a “transdiagnostic” approach that cuts across traditional diagnostic boundaries or, more Author: Tim Dalgleish, Melissa Black, David Johnston, Anna Bevan. Psychology is the science of behavior and mind. Psychology includes the study of conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

It is an academic discipline of immense scope. Psychologists seek an understanding of the emergent properties of brains, and all the variety of phenomena linked to those emergent properties, joining this way the broader neuro. Would you have them practice the skill as a whole, or in parts.

Explain why. Finally, describe how you could utilize mental practice with the learner to improve their performance, and explain why it might be effective based on one of the three hypotheses discussed in the book (neuromuscular, brain activity, or cognitive). A Multilevel Investigation of the Motivational Mechanisms Underlying Knowledge Sharing and Performance.

Narda R Results demonstrated that the effect of group-oriented incentive systems on the knowledge provider was enhanced when more positive norms for knowledge sharing existed among dyad members.

A Multilevel Investigation of the Cited by: Attention is the behavioral and cognitive process of selectively concentrating on a discrete aspect of information, whether considered subjective or objective, while ignoring other perceivable information. It is a state of William James () wrote, "[Attention] is the taking possession by the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seem several.

A framework for using magic to study the mind. The first is the effect ), a better understanding of the perceptual and cognitive mechanisms underlying various aspects of magic could well inform the design of better magic tricks, and perhaps even presentation by: Mental imagery is an experience like perception in the absence of a percept.

It is a ubiquitous feature of human cognition, yet it has been relatively neglected in the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of depression.

Imagery abnormalities in depression include an excess of intrusive negative mental imagery; impoverished positive imagery; bias for observer perspective Cited by: [(Ethics in Psychology and the Mental Health Professions: Standards and Cases)] [Author: Gerald P.

Koocher] published on (February, ) Hardcover – February 1, out of 5 stars 31 ratings See all 6 formats and editions Hide other formats and editions/5(30). The seven-year longitudinal study involves 7, to year-olds and will include brain scans on of the students to examine how the teenage brain changes with meditation practice and how those changes relate to the individual’s well-being and risk of mental health : Ann Whitman.

The impact of spirituality upon mental health Executive summary Not all research exploring the association of spiritual or religious activity and anxiety shows a beneficial effect of the former on the latter.

Rather, it seems to depend to some extent on the way in which spirituality is expressed. Perinatal mental disorders are associated with increased risk of psychological and developmental disturbances in children. However, these disturbances are not inevitable. In this Series paper, we summarise evidence for associations between parental disorders and offspring outcomes from fetal development to adolescence in high-income, middle-income, and low-income by:   Early locomotor play is often explained as “practice” for developing bodily control, sensory systems, and environmental understanding (Groos, ).

All theories of play anticipate an increase in complexity as an animal develops. The theories diverge, however, on the underlying mechanisms of play by: 5. Obesity and overweight are major health concerns and the leading preventable cause of death in developed and developing countries.

Obesity affects men and women differently due to biological, socioeconomic, cultural and country-specific gender-related disparities. This book chapter outlines obesity as a risk factor for physical diseases and mental health disorders in by: 4.

Military deployment can have profound effects on physical and mental health. Few studies have examined whether interventions prior to deployment can improve mechanisms underlying resilience. Mindfulness-based techniques have been shown to aid recovery from stress and may affect brain-behavior relationships prior to by: Human trafficking Human trafficking has received increasing global attention over the past decade.

Initially, trafficking of women and girls for forced sex work and, to a lesser extent, domestic servitude, were the sole focus of advocacy and assistance. Today, there is recognition that women, children and men are trafficked into many different.

Psychosocial Interventions for Mental and Substance Use Disorders details the reasons for the gap between what is known to be effective and current practice and offers recommendations for how best to address this gap by applying a framework that can be used to establish standards for psychosocial interventions.

Investigation into neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson’s disease (PD) is sparse and current drug development is mainly focused on the motor aspect of PD. The tight association of psychosis with an impaired quality of life in PD, together with an important underreporting of this comorbid condition, contributes to its actual insufficient assessment and by: 4.

Perspectives on Psychological Disorders. Learning Objectives. By the end of this section, you will be able to: Scientists and mental health professionals may adopt different perspectives in attempting to understand or explain the underlying mechanisms that contribute to the development of a psychological disorder.

The perspective used in. The Beckley/Imperial Psychedelic Research Programme Amanda Feilding co-founded the Beckley/Imperial Research Programme with Prof David Nutt in A decade later, the Beckley/Imperial Psychedelic Research Programme continues to develop more pioneering studies, including the first ever scientific investigation into the effects of microdosing LSD.

1 Experimental study of the behavioural mechanisms underlying self-organization in human crowds Mehdi Moussaïd1, 2, 3, Dirk Helbing1, Simon Garnier2, Anders Johansson1, Maud Combe2 and Guy Theraulaz2 1 ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Chair of Sociology, UNO D11, Universitätstra Zurich, Size: KB.

Schein's () definition of organizational culture requires clarification regarding levels of analysis. Culture is a “shared,” collective construct and, as such, is a property of the work unit (Glisson & James, ; Ostroff et al., ), which is broadly conceptualized to include work groups, teams, and indeed the organization as a whole (Schein, ).Cited by:   We have experience and are conscious of the world.

Who though is conscious. This is the subject or self of experience. While in the past the concept of self has been matter of philosophical discussion, psychoanalysis shifted it into the domain of psychology where it surfaced as ego.

More recently, brain imaging allows to investigate the neural mechanisms Cited by: the recovery of individuals after stroke. Methods: We searched the following databases: PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Scopus, Cochrane, and PEDro. Two reviewers independently selected clinical trials that investigated the effect of MI on outcomes commonly investigated in studies of stroke recovery.

Quality and risk of bias of each study were assessed. Results: Of the articles. BOOK REVIEWS Murri et al. clearly set out the fundamental assumptions underlying studies of this this kind: "The first is that mental activity is accompanied by reduction in the signal (usually in the alpha band), and that when this occurs asymmetrically during a cognitive process, it indicates differences in hemis­.

The resulting debates within and across complementary scholarly disciplines that encompass the investigation and practice of mindfulness and precluding possible inferences about underlying cause-and-effect along with other researchers who study mental processes and brain mechanisms underlying the practice of mindfulness and related Cited by: Psychological Treatments That Cause Harm Scott O.

Lilienfeld Emory University ABSTRACT—The phrase primum non nocere (‘‘first, do no harm’’) is a well-accepted credo of the medical and mental health professions. Although emerging data indicate that several psychological treatments may produce harm in.There are many hypotheses about the mechanisms underlying mindfulness practice that lead to different mental health outcomes.

One hypothesis is that exposure to or willingness to experience difficult emotions (e.g., anxiety, distress, anger), awareness of these emotions, and observation of these emotions allow people to dis-identify with and Cited by:

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